Hazelnut
 

Hazelnut

 

 Historical background

 Hazelnut belongs to the Corylus species and the family of alder (betulacea) and to the fagacea, and in the family of trees and shrubs which are fallible and monotonous that the male flowers appear as inflorescences of foxes on the lateral and terminal branches, and the clustered female flowers occur in the shoots of the current year and in the peduncle. Hazelnuts are mostly shrubs and are rarely seen as trees, which are as follows: Native to Europe, Asia Minor and Caucasus. But it has been wildly growing in the northern hemisphere from Japan, China to Iran and Turkey for many years.

 

Major producer provinces:

The most important provinces where produce hazelnut are Gilan (74%), Qazvin (12%), Mazandaran (8%), Zanjan (2%) and Ardabil and Qom provinces (1% each).

 

Target countries of export markets:

Iran hazelnut is being exported to Afghanistan, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Bahrain, Germany, Iraq, and UAE.

 

Production rate:

According to the census of 2018, the total production of hazelnuts is about 25208 tons and the area under cultivation of the hazelnuts is about 24893 hectares and its yield is about 1.2 tons per hectare.

 

Area under cultivation:

The total area of ​​hazelnut gardens is 24893 hectares, more than 87% of which are water gardens.

 

Global production rank:

Iran ranked eighth with about 2% of world production after Turkey, Italy, Azerbaijan, US, China, Georgia, and Chile. Turkey produces about 675,000 tons (67% of world production) and Iran produces more than 16,000 tons (1.6% of world production) hazelnuts

 

Export rate

According to the Iranian ccustoms statistics, in the year 2018 about 103 tons of hazelnuts were exported, which was worth more than 365 thousand dollars.

 

 
Date:
2020/01/21
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