Introduction to CORC
Organization for Rural Cooperatives (CORC) of Iran was founded in1963
as a governmental joint stock company with unlimited liability (22.8% shares of government and 77.2 % shares of rural and agriculture cooperatives).
The Articles of Association was approved by the commissions
of the former two houses of parliament in 1969 and
met the statutory requirements and the Cabinet of Ministers was assigned for its
According to the Articles of Association,
CORC is committed to rural development in agriculture sector by means of
Providing due facilities for progression, extension and strengthening of economic status, as well as promotion
of marketing, trade and services of cooperatives in nationwide villages. To fulfill the goal, CORC adopted the following strategies by
employing available facilities and man powers:
of key staples followed by strengthening and completion of supply and value
production trend in agriculture sector
self-sufficiency in agro products
safe and organic production
processing plants for agro crops
and reforming agricultural markets via agribusiness involvement
and reinforcing ITC means in production and marketing stages
water management in agriculture
supportive, guidance and supervision policies
and renovation of agricultural lands
agro inputs needed by practitioners preferably from local sources
and rehabilitation of agro machinery fleet
Vision and Mission of the CORC
1. Network empowerment.
2. Providing and distributing inputs.
3. Trading and marketing of agriculture products.
4. Diversification of internal economic activities of
5. Establishment and development of infrastructural
facilities of network.
Legal Capacities of CORC
20-Year Vision Deed
A: The most important goals of “The 20- Year
Vision Deed” foreseen in agriculture sector
* National and areal
capabilities, capacities and advantages of agriculture sector.
* Wide reliance of all economic sectors
(industry, trade and ...) on agriculture.
* The pivotal impacts
of cooperatives on food security enhancement which in turn, plays a strategic
role in national independence.
B: The Fifth 5 - Year National Development Plan of the I. R. of Iran
* Articles 77 & 124
of the Fifth 5 - Year Development Plan
law laid down for boosting and organizing
the private and cooperative sectors.
* Article 140, Para. B
and Article 141, Para. A of the Fifth
5-Year Plan law which do focus on Farming Systems.
* Article 144 of the Fifth 5-Year Development Plan law and its significance
stress on preservation of agricultural
* Articles 194 &
217 of the Fifth 5-Year Development Plan law where emphasizes on rural/agricultural
C: Other Legal Tools including governmental
rules & regulations emphasizing on progressive codes and conducts for
enhancement of rural/agricultural cooperatives.
Network of rural and agricultural cooperatives
The existing Network comprises of 11 central
unions and their 7000 coops involved in various fields including production,
trade, Credits and technical services, etc with 50 years of experience
dispersed over 58000 rural points in Iran. The Network and its substantive
place in forwarding needed assistance and know-how to target clients posing 5
million members (over 20 million populations), play a critical role in
rural/agricultural development process.
Advantages of Cooperatives’ Network
1. Appropriate Articles
of Association for conducting the affairs of rural and agricultural
2. Appropriate legal and institutional organization settings
(vertical and horizontal).
3. Appropriate diversity and dispersion of cooperatives
societies and unions in rural and urban areas nationwide.
4. Reliable capacity for
undertaking governmental administrative affairs
5. Appropriate capacity for supplying, provision and
distribution of agricultural inputs and machineries.
6. Viable background for commercial and trade transaction
7. Possible chance for aggregating financial resources of the
network and members for establishing credit institutions
8. Enjoying the updated software system (IT) for undertaking
financial activities in the network
The governing duties of
CORC across the Network of rural and agricultural cooperatives are divided into
coordinating, qualifying and leveraging of specialized skill, financial, operational, service and
managerial capabilities benefiting rural and agricultural coops.
* Training the
cooperative principles and administration of rural and agricultural societies
* Extension of the
culture of cooperatives for qualitative and quantitative development of
* Training and educating
the human resources of CORC and cooperatives.
* Forwarding cultural
services to members, staff and managers of
* Providing legal,
technical, specialized, financial, credit and marketing services for
agricultural cooperatives, plus research and development, defending
intellectual and property rights for rural
and agricultural coops at national, provincial and district levels.
* Continuous auditing and supervision of coops/unions at national,
provincial and district scales.
Duties of CORC entrusted to the Cooperatives’ Network:
1. Supplying and
distributing agricultural inputs e.g., fertilizer,
seeds, toxins, saplings and machineries.
collecting, stocking and selling of agricultural crops as well as other
commodities produced by rural and agricultural cooperatives and unions.
3. Building preservation
facilities (warehouses, cold storages and …), processing plants and holding
trade fairs for agricultural products.
4. Rendering general
and miscellaneous services for cooperatives and unions (pension fund,
stationary/moving repair shops, credit units, providing and implementing promotional
projects, creating transportation system and …).
producing, distributing and selling staples for rural and farmers.
6. Forwarding technical
services to production projects.
infrastructural facilities and administrative buildings for coops and unions.
of the Network:
1. 2853 rural cooperatives, 331 unions in districts and
provinces with 4354360 members.
agriculture coops, 102 unions in districts and provinces with 1027574 members.
3. 324 rural
women cooperatives with 63383 members.
4. 1336 production
coops, 59 unions in districts and provinces bearing 371664 members.
5. 12 national unions, 492 unions in districts and
provinces and 6510 cooperative societies.
6. 29 registered agricultural joint stock companies.
7. 387 District
Agricultural Guild Systems and 32 Provincial Agricultural Guild Systems.
members of Agricultural Guild System plus 160,000 certificates issued for Agricultural
9. 320 councils of agricultural elites in districts
and 32 councils in provinces.
10. 241 coordination and supporting councils in districts
plus 29 councils in provinces.
11. 1403 specialized
agricultural societies and organizations.
and facilities of Network:
Consumer Shops and
for Agriculture Crops
Fertilizers and Toxin Shops
Shopping Centers and Input Supplying Centers
of Warehouses (Multifunction and Mechanized)*1000 Tones
Collection Centers for Rural and Agricultural Coops
of Rural cooperative Fund
Service unit, plant pathology Clinic…