Horticture

Horticulture

 

There arranged specific mechanisms for leading Conservation Farming within the Ministerial premise as under:

- Supreme Body at MOAJ headquarter level composed of:

· Minister of Agriculture-Jahad (Head)

· Deputy for Agronomy (Secretary)

· Deputy for Horticulture

· Deputy for Planning & Economic Affairs

· Deputy for Water & Soil

· Deputy for Human Resource Development and Parliament Affairs

· Deputy Minister and Head of Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO)

· Deputy Minister and Head of Forests, Rangelands and Watershed Management Organization (FRWO)

· Managing Director of the Bank of Agriculture

· Managing Director of the Agro- supportive Service Co.

· Managing Director of the Central Organization for Rural Cooperatives of Iran (CORC)

· Managing Director of the Plant Protection Organization (PPO)

- National Body at Ministerial level

Technical Committee at Ministerial level-

- Technical Committee at provincial level (led by provincial offices of the MOAJ)

- Technical Committee at district level (led by district offices of the MOAJ)

Commitments and responsibilities

Conservation Farming initiative becomes operational under direct supervision of the Supreme Ministerial/National set-ups. The Ministerial body will adopt policy requirements in developing agro-techs accompanied by internal/external coordination with concerned institutions. The National body is to formulate needed projects/activities and the codes and conducts favoring promotion of the initiative.

Technical body shall executes plans and projects, revises the codes and regulations, articulates needed machinery and equipments and their qualified manufacturers/suppliers, raises funds/allocations for projects in different provinces followed by monitoring and evaluation of performance and outcomes.

Key Strategies outlined in Conservation Farming:

1. Minimizing soil disturbance;

2. Permanent coverage of plant residue on soil;

3. Farming Rotation;

FAO statement on Conservation Farming:

The idea is implemented upon targeting certain objectives to exercise higher management on water, soil and biologic components plus other inputs added to the farms. The concept would also consider environmental aspects, higher production and sustainability of the activities.

 

 
 
 


 

 

- Seedlings and Improvement of Cultivars Group;

- Planning Group

- Orchards Nutrition and Quality Control of Fertilizers Group;

- Formulation Group for Codes and Conducts in the Dept;

- Extension / Training Group ;

- Certified and Organic Products Group;

National Tea Organization

Tea industry is responsible for green-leaves processing in related factories. Upon records, the first tea factory was established in Lahijan followed by other public 7, all created in Gilan province.

To date, over 162 factories have become operational in different districts of Gilan provinces bearing a total processing capacity of say 6500 ton.

Scopes and plans in the Seedlings and Cultivars Improvement Group

- Applying techno-scientific principles in progression of technology and know-how for certified seedlings production aiming to;

- accessing to certified seedlings needed for improved and developed orchards

- generation of core potentials for domestic/commercial crops;

- creation of safe, standard and commercial fruit-stocks;

- Intensification of techno-operational competence in certified seedlings production via supporting and assisting big seedlings nurseries for supplying improved and commercial stocks relying on subsidies revenues, bank credits and facilities made for development of infra-structures;

- Calling up private sector for full utilization of needed means for coordination in generation of national/provincial private-owned firms;

- Identification and organization of competent applicants meeting the enacted requirements;

- Diagnosis and registration of commercial and domestic cultivars;

- Enrichment of national genetic resources via importing stocks, commercial cultivars and germplasm;

- Assessing and regulating all seedling nurseries meeting the operational codes and conducts;

- Development of safe seedlings through new technology adoption( Tissue culturing method);

- Identification and appraisal of bottlenecks followed by coordination and surveillance on national seedlings production through provincial technical seedlings committees;

- Enhancement and transferring the breeding technology;

- Collaborating and coordinating on renovation of seedlings distribution network;

- Importing modern production technology in commercial dates’ cultivars (i.e. Mojul ) via organ-breeding method followed by techno-executive monitoring;

- Planning for wider application of latest research findings relying on adequate applied-research fund;

-Enabling ground for training and empowering skilled manpower in formulation and execution of projects through cooperation and interaction between practitioners, academia and research centers in operation of extension campaigns on genius, safe and certified seedlings;

- Time-bound assessment on certified seedlings process and performance based on due codes and conducts to enhance the final yield;

Rapid changes so far experienced in various socio-economic, political and technological fields on one hand, and other requirements e.g. developmental schemes, special rules and regulations in agriculture sector, annual budget act as well as Ministerial plans and projects on another, have made affiliated offices/units tackle with new conditions and adopt new actions and tools to promote their missions in the sector. To this end, regulation of ongoing codes and norms ruling on the work processes seems crucial strategy in managing threats and opportunities. The idea was undertaken by the Dept. in 2001 leading to amendments in certain codes and instructions of the working processes and improvement of operational procedures.

The new decision involved many ideas and perspectives pledged by the Dept. and employed updated techniques and capacities shared by various offices, private consultants and the following pinpoints:

  • Acts, policies and guidelines associated with agribusinesses including:

- Supreme Leader’s insights, National Services Act, Road Map for renovation of Administrative System, The 5th National Development Plan, Annual Budget Act, Higher Productivity Act in Agriculture and Natural Resource, Animal Farming System Act, Article 44 in Constitution, etc.;

- Prioritization and derivation of core standards, codes and conducts in favor of improved operational processes, facilitated investments and cultivation, better service rendering to applicants, higher productivity and accountability to official authorities;

- Maximum utilization of ICT towards mechanization of working processes;

- Interaction and cooperation with Agricultural Engineering System Organization, experts and others;

- Participation of all horticultural levels in formulation of operational rules and guidelines followed by close monitoring on their sound implication;

 

Scopes and plans in the Formulation Group of Codes and Conducts

Main Scope:

- Designing and setting Formulation Network of Codes and Conducts for improved operational processes in the Dept. using updated techniques and means;

General Scopes:

  • Identification and derivation of codes and conducts plus executive instructions in the Dept. premises;
  • Discovering and prioritizing the main mission and vision in the Dept. ;
  • Division of the works and leveraging participation amid the line offices and staff for group-working;
  • Identification, training, empowerment and hiring competent and enthusiastic staff in formulation process of codes and conducts
  • Involvement in articulation of rules and regulations for related agro-business enterprises;
  • Holding training courses, applied-scientific seminars and meetings for enhanced know-how amid trainees/invitees;

Group Domain:

- The Group extends its impression in all affiliated offices/units of the Dept. for Horticulture including national/ provincial or district offices, private/public sectors and in unions/coops;

Terms of Reference for the Formulation Group of Codes and Conducts:

1. Policy-making, planning and coordination in production and supplying certified seedlings to meet developmental initiatives requirements;

2. Planning for production and supplying commercial geminative parts;

3. Programming and coordination on employing new technical know-how for higher and quality production of strategic seedlings;

4. Procurement of needed facilities for tissue-culturing practice by private sector

5. Coordination and supervision on due supplying and distribution of certified seedlings and other germinative parts in private sector or relative agencies based on approved codes and conducts and supported by possible subsidies/facilities allocation;

6. Coordination with Plant Protection Org. / AREEO under National/Provincial Joint Seedlings Committees for hygienic controlling of nurseries and stock orchards in production of germinative parts supported by applied-research activities;

7. Bedding for close interaction with certified seedlings growers and international institutions to enhance practical knowledge of this business;

9. Compiling viable plans in supplying primary cores and orchards for breeding virus–free and commercial cultivars needed by mother orchards;

10. Soliciting and analyzing provincial reports to eradicate bottlenecks and challenges faced in production process;

11. Cooperation in balancing the seedling market accompanied by rising quality and performance;

12. Coordination and action on shaping organization of seedlings/tissue-culture practitioners;

- Derivation of policies and instructions for growing tropical/semi-tropical fruits in conjunction with ministerial preferences;

- Planning and urging for quality production of tropical/semi-tropical fruits, reduction of the wastes and balanced extension of such fruits in compliance with the sub-sector policy;

- Preparing and implementing national schemes for production of tropical / semi-tropical fruits heading to fair planting pattern with higher performance in varying climates;

- Monitoring, evaluation and detection of existing orchards for due renovation and improvement of the stocks and their performance;

- Derivation and circulation of executive plans and guidelines on various issues geared to production, quality and quantity of the fruits followed by supervision on their operation;

- Discovering research /education requirements and preferences for further follow–up and enhanced know-now generation amid practitioners, experts and stakeholders;

- Investigating on inputs, machinery, credits and their provision and dissemination among growers;

- Coordinating with Plant Protection Organization on combating pests and diseases;

- Forwarding infra-structural schemes and mechanization

Initiatives for higher outputs in accordance with different socio-economic aspects and climatic conditions ;

- Detecting needed mechanism and hygienic codes in fruits processing steps concurrent to global standards and demands;

- Transferring scientific know–now to field–operators trough technical extension campaigns and proportional to sub-sect oral mandates;

- Cooperating with relevant institutions and insurance agencies in detection of guaranteed price and insurance fees for purchasing tropical / semi-tropical fruits;

- Interacting with partner / research institutions, cooperatives, productions organizations and other authorities well in line with the Dept. objectives and ministerial perspectives;

- Growing safe and certified seedlings / saplings of such fruits;

- Derivation of policies and instructions for growing tropical/semi-tropical fruits in conjunction with ministerial preferences;

- Planning and urging for quality production of tropical/semi-tropical fruits, reduction of the wastes and balanced extension of such fruits in compliance with the sub-sector policy;

- Preparing and implementing national schemes for production of tropical / semi-tropical fruits heading to fair planting pattern with higher performance in varying climates;

- Monitoring, evaluation and detection of existing orchards for due renovation and improvement of the stocks and their performance;

- Derivation and circulation of executive plans and guidelines on various issues geared to production, quality and quantity of the fruits followed by supervision on their operation;

- Discovering research /education requirements and preferences for further follow–up and enhanced know-now generation amid practitioners, experts and stakeholders;

- Investigating on inputs, machinery, credits and their provision and dissemination among growers;

- Coordinating with Plant Protection Organization on combating pests and diseases;

- Forwarding infra-structural schemes and mechanization

initiatives for higher outputs in accordance with different socio-economic aspects and climatic conditions ;

- Detecting needed mechanism and hygienic codes in fruits processing steps concurrent to global standards and demands;

- Transferring scientific know–now to field–operators trough technical extension campaigns and proportional to sub-sect oral mandates;

- Cooperating with relevant institutions and insurance agencies in detection of guaranteed price and insurance fees for purchasing tropical / semi-tropical fruits;

This office comprises of certain groups having thematic commitments as follows:

A. Reformation, renovation and improvement of olive orchards;

- Investigation and site-selection for olive orchards;

- Identification of specific/olive projects;

- Planning and following up on water harvesting schemes;

- Monitoring on olive orchards establishment followed by soliciting and evaluation of provincial reports;

- Derivation of technical instructions for irrigated / rain–fed olive orchards establishment under varying climatic conditions;

- Analyzing the existing management style on olive orchards ;

- Preparation of technical guidelines on pruning, nutrition and grafting followed by surveillance on managerial operation and on farm-supervisors of olive orchards;

- Planning for raising fund and supervising on its expending and execution of activities by contractors;

B. Group of processing, quality improvement and mechanization:

- Planning and pursuing for working capitals;

- Need-assessment of processing plants creation in regard to growing poles;

- Monitoring and evaluation of harvesting stage and processing affairs ;

- Coordination with mechanization center for upgrading the Mechanization Index ;

- International Olive Council (IOC) and upgrading related know-how:

- Coordination and need–assessment on holding national / int’l courses with foreign instructors for Iranian experts/managers;

- Survival and activation of the ” Test Panel” for evaluation of olive-oil quality followed by updating standards in olive-oil processing plants;

- Planning , budgeting and crediting in olive projects;

- Drafting and coordinating on agreements for further conclusion;

- Preparing operational and financial plans for provincial growers;

- Incorporating key parameters within the 6th National Development Plan for olive promotion;

- Conducing every task related to provincial credits and statistics;

- Supporting technical supervisors of olive farming and related businesses in provinces ;

Opportunities in supporting olive farming:

- Need for importation of 1 million tons / year of various oils and hence, olive oil accounts for a fair alternative;

- Existence of precious olive germ-plasm scattered over 15 provinces posing less irrigation requirement and higher productivity;

- Prolong economic span with less inputs and wider adaptability to climatic variances;

- Existence of 6 olive research stations across the country supported by qualified experts;

- Conducted feasibility studies in 11 provinces and identification of 395000 ha potential sites for olive cultivation:

- Accessing to IOC scientific/field know-how on olive growing for practitioners / experts and animators :

Challenges in olive farming:

- Failure of certain olive orchards in some provinces which need for grafting and rehabilitation;

- Huge and outstanding dues imposed on olive growers owing to unpaid installments;

- Greater tendency showed by farmers to produce conserved olives rather than extraction of olive oil;

- Poor availability of proper cultivars to meet climatic variances worsen by lack of integrated management on olive plantation strategy;

- Sever water scarcity with worn–out irrigation systems and low-mechanization index;

- Poor participation of private sector in this business;

- Inadequate transfer of findings to traditional olive fields;

National policy on olive:

- Increasing productivity of olive oil for self-sufficiency improvement;

- Encouraging greater consumption of olive oil for enhanced nutrition and social health;

- Improving irrigation productivity and wider mechanization influence in olive orchards;

Quantitative scopes:

- Production of 26000 tons of olive oil by the end of the 6th National Development Plan;

- Conducting needed operation for developing olive orchards over 51537 ha.

- Taking reformation actions in 46440 ha. of olive plots to upscale productivity and control pests and diseases;

 

Date:
2018/10/24
View:
1516
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